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Act 1
Scene 1
  • "chase these pagans" (line 24) - Refers to the Muslims, whom King Henry IV wants to fight for possession of the Holy Land.
  • "post from Wales loaden with heavy news" (line 37) - a letter sent from Wales containing the news that Mortimer had been taken by the Welsh.
  • "night-tripping fairy" (line 86) - King Henry IV confides to Westmoreland that he wishes the "night-tripping fairy" had switched his own son, Harry, for Hotspur.
  • "his uncle's teaching" [Worcester] (line 95) - Refers to the way that Hotspur acts (it is all Worcester's (his uncle) fault that he has such rebellious behavior.

Scene 2
  • "What a devil hast thou to do with the time of day?" (lines 6-7) - Said from Price Hal to Sir John Falstaff. Hal is essentially saying that Falstaff has no use for the time of day because it means nothing to him.
  • "for we that take purses go by the moon" (lines 14-15) - Said by Falstaff to the Prince meaning that thieves do their duties at night time so they don't get caught.
  • "Diana's foresters" (lines 25-26) - Diana is the Greek goddess of the moon. Being "Diana's foresters" means that they will be the officials of the moon; the warriors of the night.
  • "shall there be gallows standing in England when thou art king?" (lines 62-63) - Falstaff is asking Hal that, once he becomes king, is he still going to kill many people?
  • "I a thief?" (line 144) - Hal is saying to the pub-crawlers (like Falstaff) that he is not going to rob innocent people with them for fun.
  • "If all the year were playing holidays" (line 211) - Hal comparing himself to everyday being a holiday; too much of a good thing gets you sick of it, no matter how wonderful it is.

Scene 3
  • "Danger and disobedience in thine eye" (line 16) - "I see that you are rebelling against me."
  • "pestered with a popinjay" (line 51) - Being bothered by either a parrot or a selfish person (*note: alliteration of "p")
  • "shall our coffer then / Be emptied to redeem a traitor home?" (lines 87-88) - "Should we pay a fortune just to have a traitor back?"
  • "an easy leap / To pluck bright honor from the pale-faced moon" (lines 206-207)
  • "wasp-stung and impatient fool" (line 244) - "What an impatient idiot!"
  • "deliver them up without their ransom straight" (line 270) - Free them immediately
  • "he doth begin / To make us strangers to his looks of love" (lines 300-301) - "Now he is starting to distrust us, to push us away."

Act 2

Scene 2
  • "A plague upon it when thieves cannot be true one to another!" (lines 27-28) - It is a bad situation when theives trick each other.
  • "levers to lift me up again" (line 36) - Falstaff is so fat, that he will need "levers to lift him up again" if he gets on the ground.
  • "'Tis going to the King's Exchequer" (line 57) - Gadshill is trying to convince the pub crawlers that the travelers that they are stealing from are going a different way than they actually are, so he can have all the money to himself.
  • "a good jest forever" (line 100) - It will be satisfying to Hal and Points to prank Falstaff and watch his reaction.
  • "Were 't not for laughing, I should pity him" (line 116) "If it wasn't so funny, I would feel bad for him."

Scene 3
  • "such a dish of skim milk" (line 34) - "Such a coward!"; Skim milk is watered-down milk, which means it isn't as strong as regular milk.
  • "what portends are / these?" (lines 64-65) - "What signs are these?"
  • "O, Esperance" (line 76) - "Oh, hope,"; "O, Esperance," is the Percy family motto.
  • 'This is no world / To play with mammets and to tilt with lips' (lines 96~97) - "This is no world to play with dolls and to argue with words,"; to "tilt with lips" has two different connotations; one is to argue by talking, and the other is to kiss passionately.

Scene 4
  • "Anon, anon" (lines 38, 45, 66, 89, 100) - Francis saying "wait, wait," to Poins.
  • "he that kills me some six or seven dozen Scots at a breakfast (lines 105-106) - "The type of person that kills others with no purpose"
  • "Eleven buckram men grown out of two" (lines 228-229) - Falstaff is retelling, or rather, recreating the story of what happened to him, and the details get wilder and wilder as he goes along.
  • "Is not the truth the truth?" (lines 238-239) - "I'm telling the truth!"
  • "huge hill of flesh" (line 253) - describing Falstaff; referring to his fatness
  • "Apparent shame...heir apparent" (line 280) - Falstaff bluffing to Hal, saying that he (Falstaff) knew that it was the "heir apparent" the whole time he was fighting him.
  • "Depose me?" (line 449) - Refers to when Falstaff is acting as the king and the Prince as himself. Hal wants them to switch roles so that he can play his father and Falstaff wants to stay acting as the king.
  • "Banish plump Jack, and banish all the world" (lines 497-498) - Falstaff is now acting as the Prince and Hal as the king. He (Falstaff) is talking about how kind and valiant he is and saying to "the king" that if he banishes Falstaff he should banish everyone.
  • "I do, I will" (line 499) - Said from Hal (as King) to Falstaff (as Prince)
  • I have much to say on behalf of Falstaff (lines 502-503) - Bardolph enters to tell Hal and Falstaff that the sheriff is at the door, but Falstaff claims that he shouldn't be bothered because he is talking to "the king" about Falstaff (himself).
  • "The money shall be paid back again with advantage" (lines 567-568) - After the Sheriff and the Carrier leave, Peto and Hal find Falstaff asleep. They go through his pockets and find papers with lists of items that Falstaff owes. The quote simply means that he money will be paid back at the right time.

Act 3

Scene 1
  • "I say the earth did shake when I was born" (line 22) - Glendower says this to Hotspur, trying to say that when he was born the entire earth shook from his presence.
  • "you are too willful-blame" (line 182) - Said from Worcester to Hotspur meaning that he is to blame for his own willfulness.
  • feeling disputation (line 212) - a "feeling disputation" has different meanings, suggesting the exchange of feelings through touch and the emotional intensity of the exchange
  • "velvet-guards and Sunday citizens" (line 265) - citizens in Sunday clothes trimmed with velvet

Scene 2
  • "greatness of thy blood" (line 18) - Said from the King to the Prince, meaning that the Prince is full of royal blood.
  • "common-hackneyed" (line 42) - common (A hackney was a horse available to anyone for hire.
  • "pluck allegiance" (line 54) - "I snatched the dedication from everybody by pretending to be someone I wasn't."
  • "cloudy men" (line 85) - frowning men.
  • "shadow of succession" (line 102) - Said from the King to the Prince, saying that Harry Percy deserves the throne more because Prince only has heredity, not merit
  • "garment all of blood" (line 140) - Said from the Prince to the King. He means that he is willing to battle until he has to wear clothing stained in blood.

Scene 3
  • "virtuous enough" (line 16) - Falstaff is saying that he is proper enough to be considered a man.
  • "memento mori" (lines 31-32) - A skull or an image of a skull (kept as a reminder of one's mortality)
  • "ignis fatuss'" (lines 40-41) - A phosphorescent light that hovers over swampy ground at night.
  • "neither fish nor flesh" (line 135) - a reference, perhaps, to uncertainty then about whether an otter was a fish or an animal (flesh).
  • "thou owest me thy love" (line 146) - "You owe me your love" (From Falstaff to Hal)
  • "more flesh than another man and therefore / more frailty" (lines 177-178) - Falstaff playing on the words of Christians; it is a variation on the proverb "Flesh is frail"
  • "double labor" (lines 190-191) - Too much work
  • "Rare words, brave world!" (line 217) - "Well spoken. What a wonderful world!"

Act 4

Scene 1
  • "leisure to be sick" (line 19) - Hotspur's father is sick, and Hotspur believes that it is not a coincidence that he became ill right before the war is about to begin.
  • "Die all, die merrily" (line 142) - What Hotspur says to his army (supposed to get them excited for the battle).

Scene 2
  • "Bought out their service" (line 23) - The men that Falstaff were supposed to hire paid money to get out of serving in the army.
  • "I did never see such pitiful rascals" (line 65) - Prince to Falstaff about Falstaff's newly created army.
  • food for powder, food for powder (lines 66-67) - "Food for gunpowder," Falstaff talking about his "soldiers", or recuits, as being the front line that the enemy wastes their gunpowder and energy on.

Scene 3
  • "what impediments / Drag back our expedition" (lines 24-25) - "There are things not yet ready that hold us back."
  • "and would to God / You were of our determination" (line 38-39) - Hotspur to Sir Walter Blunt; "I wish to God that you were on our side".
  • "You shall have your desires with interest" (line 55) - Blunt to Hotspur; "The King will meet your demands, but with interest".
  • "Too indirect for long continuance" (line 112) - Hotspur to Blunt; means that the king is too far from the direct line of succession.

Scene 4
  • "Shrewsbury" (line 10) - the setting of the battle, where Hotspur will later die
  • "o'erruled by prophecies" (line 18) - Glendower will not fight in the battle because his "prophecies" warned him to stay away.
  • "needful 'tis to fear" (line 34) - From the Arch Bishop to Sir Michael; "I am still afraid".

Act 5

Scene 1
  • "Bloodily the sun" (line 1) - At the morning of the day of the battle, the sun seems redder than most other days.
  • "I have truant been to chivalry" (line 95) - "I have failed to stay chivalrous" (Prince to King).
  • "Colossus" (line 124) - A gigantic statue in human form whose legs, according to legend, spanned the harbor at Rhodes.
  • "Honor is a mere scutcheon" (line 141) - "Honor is nothing more than death" (Falstaff)

Scene 2
  • "O no, my nephew must not know" (line 1) - Worcester talkng to Vernon, saying that Hotspur must not know about the King's generosity.
  • "Interpretation will misquote our looks" (line 15) - "Other people will interpret everything that we do as related to rebellion."
  • "Governed by a spleen" (line 21) - "Governed by a sudden impulse, a whim."
  • "Seemed it in contempt?" (line 53) - "Did it seem like it was out of hate?"

Scene 3
  • "There's honor for you. Here's no vanity" (line 35) - "You get honor, but no vanity" (Falstaff speaking about Blunt shortly after Blunt has died).
  • "I have led my ragamuffins where they are / peppered" (lines 38-39) - Falstaff speaking about his "soldiers", and how he led them to their massacre.
  • "There's what will sack a city" (57-58) - Falstaff talking about his bottle of sack.
  • "Give me / life, which, if can save, so: if not, honor comes / unlooked for, and there's an end" (lines 63-65) - "I would much prefer life, and I'll try to save my own. But if I die, I will have found honor that I wasn't looking for" (Falstaff).

Scene 4
  • "shallow scratch" (line 11) - small wound
  • "But now I do respect thee as my soul" (line 20) - "I respect you as if you were my soul" (From Prince to King).
  • "Hydra''s heads" (line 25) - The Mythical Hydra grew two heads for every one that was cut off.
  • "some tender of my life" (line 49) - Loving regard (from King to Prince).
  • "fair rites of tenderness" (line 100) - Good things done to Hotspur once he died (said by Prince).
  • "O, I should have a heavy miss of thee / If I were much in love with vanity" (lines 107-108) - "If I were in love with vanity, I really would miss you" (Prince to Falstaff; Prince thinks that Falstaff is dead).
  • "The better part of valor is discretion" (line 122) - "The better part of bravery is discretion" (Falstaff).
  • "I am not a double man" (line 142) - Two men in one (Falstaff).
  • "a long hour by Shrewsbury clock" (line 151) - "A long time on the battlefield" (Falstaff).
  • "If a lie may do thee grace / I'll gild it with the happiest terms I have" (lines 161-162) - "If a lie will put you on good terms with the King, I will tell it with the happiest words I have" (Prince to Falstaff; saying that the Prince will lie about killing Hotspur and tell the King that Falstaff did it).

Scene 5
  • "Other offenders we will pause upon" (line 15) - "We will think of what we will to with the other rebels."
  • "Deliver him / Up to his pleasure" (lines 28~29) - Hal talking about Douglas, telling Lancester to let him go.
  • "Myself and you, son Harry, will towards Wales" (line 41) - the King speaking to Hal, saying that he and the Prince will travel to Wales to rid the country of any rebels.

Act 1, Scene 2, Lines 24-31

Act 1, Scene 2, Lines 202-224

Act 2, Scene 3, Lines 39-67

Act 3, Scene 2, Lines 31-93

Act 4, Scene 3, Lines 94-112

Act 5, Scene 4, Lines 104-112